Skin cancer stages are part of a vital system that is used to determine prognosis, survival, and treatment plans. Multiple variables factor into stage determination, and usually varies among cancer types. The most commonly used classification system is the TNM system, which looks at particular tumor characteristics and grades them X,0,1,2,3, or 4 with the larger numbers indicating increasing category severity. T stands for tumor and includes things like the tumor’s location, size, and depth. N stands for node, and describes whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, locally or farther away. M is for metastasis, which is the spreading of cancer to distant parts of the body. With the values for T, N and M determined, those are combined and an overall stage grouping is assigned.
Cancer. No word can strike fear the hearts of many like the word Cancer. It’s spoken with a sort of reverence and fear all at the same time. There are so many types of cancer that it’s almost impossible to list them all: melanoma, squamous cell, carcinoma, basal cell, the list goes on. Since early detection and treatment is the most effective way to cure melanoma and other forms of skin cancer, we are going to talk about how to recognize and treat cancerous moles.
Arrowhead Health Centers’ skin cancer specialist, Dr. Robert West, stopped by 12 News to discuss the dangers of prolonged sun exposure. Dr West also gives helpful tips on the best ways to protect yourself from sun exposure. [Read more…]
Skin cancer signs vary widely in severity and type according to cancer type. Catching these signs as a part of early cancer detection can save your life. Skin cancer is caused by exposure to damaging UV rays from the sun. People who live in places that allow for high exposure are at increased risk. Arizona is one of the sunniest states in the US, with over 300 days of blue skies and sunshine each year. Those who live at higher elevations are also at risk because UV rays are more powerful at higher altitudes. Arizona’s average elevation is 4,100 feet which is in excess of the 2,500 ft average for the United States as a whole. Flagstaff, Arizona sits at 6,909 feet, and the highest point in all of Arizona is over 12,000 feet. At areas of lower elevation, Arizona is primarily desert with very warm winters and little shade to protect its denizens from the sun. Factors such as these are a big reason why skin cancer is such high risk for Arizona residents. Seeing the signs early is paramount to cancer survival.